envoy protested to Hitler against the religious persecutions and human rights abuses. About.8 to 4 million Poles would remain as slaves, part of a slave labour force of 14 million the Nazis intended to create using citizens of conquered nations. Several areas, such as Alsace-Lorraine, were placed under the authority of an adjacent Gau (regional district). In 1931, Himmler organised an SS intelligence service which became known as the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; Security Service) under his deputy, Heydrich. New York: Little, Brown. Sex was sometimes used as a commodity to obtain better work from a foreign labourer. Attempting to avoid war, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arranged a series of meetings, the result of which was the Munich Agreement, signed on 29 September 1938. The Allied Control Council disestablished Prussia on Aid to Germany began arriving from the United States under the Marshall Plan in 1948. Deutsche militärische Verluste im Zweiten Weltkrieg. New York; London:. Propaganda campaigns claimed the church was corrupt, restrictions were placed on public meetings and Catholic publications faced censorship. Enrolment at German universities declined from 104,000 students in 1931 to 41,000 in 1939, but enrolment in medical schools rose sharply as Jewish doctors had been forced to leave the profession, so medical graduates had good job prospects. In Poland, Nazi plunder of raw materials began even before the German invasion had concluded.