However, in recent years Eastern Catholic Churches have returned to traditional Eastern practices in accord with the Vatican II decree Orientalium Ecclesiarum. Retrieved 23 November 2014. "Eastern Rite Catholicism" (PDF). 333 In subsequent centuries, Catholicism spread widely across the world, in part through missionaries and imperialism, although its hold on European populations declined due to the growth of religious scepticism during and after the Enlightenment. A b " Canon ". "Pope Francis, in Sweeping Encyclical, Calls for Swift Action on Climate Change". 390 Pope Francis' installation was attended by Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople of the Eastern Orthodox Church, 391 the first time since the Great Schism of 1054 that the Eastern Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople has attended a papal installation. 118 In Purgatory, the soul suffers, and is purged and perfected. 306 The massive Islamic invasions of the yngre man äldre kvinna lesbisk sex video mid-7th century began a long struggle between Christianity and Islam throughout the Mediterranean Basin. "A Matter of Conscience: Catholics on Contraception" (PDF). Archived from the original on Retrieved Bokenkotter, Thomas (2004). In parallel to the diocesan structure are a variety of religious institutes that function autonomously, often subject only to the authority of the pope, though sometimes subject to the local bishop. Catechism of the Catholic Church, Second Edition. 16 Its teaching includes sanctification through faith and evangelisation of the Gospel as well as Catholic social teaching, which emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. Other devotional practices include the Stations of the Cross, the Sacred Heart of Jesus, the Holy Face of Jesus, 131 the various scapulars, novenas to various saints, 132 pilgrimages 133 and devotions to the Blessed Sacrament, 132 and.